Canadian Wildland Fire Information System

FBP Fuel Type Descriptions

FBP Fuel Types

M2 - Boreal Mixedwood–Green

M2 - Boreal Mixedwood–Green

This fuel type (and its "leafless" counterpart, M1) is characterized by stand mixtures consisting of the following coniferous and deciduous tree species in varying proportions: black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.), subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.), trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.), and white birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.). On any specific site, individual species can be present or absent from the mixture. In addition to the diversity in species composition, stands exhibit wide variability in structure and development, but are generally confined to moderately well-drained upland sites. M2, the second phase of seasonal variation in flammability, occurs during the summer. The rate of spread is weighted according to the proportion (expressed as a percentage) of softwood and hardwood components. In the summer, when the deciduous overstory and understory are in leaf, fire spread is greatly reduced, with maximum spread rates only one-fifth that of spring or fall fires under similar burning conditions.

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