Canadian Wildland Fire Information System

FBP Fuel Type Descriptions

FBP Fuel Types

C5 - Red and White Pine

C5 - Red and White Pine

This fuel type is characterized by mature stands of red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) and eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) in various proportions, sometimes with small components of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) and old white birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) or aspen (Populus spp.). The understory is of moderate density, usually red maple (Acer rubrum L.) or balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.). A shrub layer, usually beaked hazel (Corylus cornuta Marsh.), may be present in moderate proportions. The ground surface cover is a combination of herbs and pine litter. The organic layer is usually 5–10 cm deep.

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